KEY FEATURES OF THE CWP:
The CWP provides access to regular part-time work on a predictable basis for those who need it most at the local level. In practice, it offers two days of work a week (or the monthly equivalent), providing 100 days of work spread throughout the year.
• The CWP is designed as an employment safety net, not an employment solution for participants: it provides a baseline in terms of income security and economic access and participation.
• The CWP is an area-based programme that is implemented in a defined local area (called a ‘site’) that is usually several wards in a municipal area. Sites are targeted in the poorest areas, where unemployment is high and permanent jobs are difficult to create or sustain.
• The CWP is meant to complement — and not replace — the existing livelihood strategies of unemployed and underemployed people. It is intended to be an ongoing programme, with participants moving in and out of the programme as their needs change.
• The CWP uses community participation processes to inform and consult communities about the establishment of a site, and to identify ‘useful work’ and local priorities. This is usually through Reference Committees, ward committees or other local development forums.
• ‘Useful work’ is defined as an activity that contributes to the public good, community goods or social services. The work is generally multi-sectoral (undertaken across departmental mandates and spheres) and responds to priorities set at local level. Generally, a set of anchor activities are identified that are ongoing and provide core work.
• The CWPprioritiseslabour-intensive activities. The ratio is 65:35 wages to non-wage costs at site level. This ratio requires partnerships with other players to co-resource and co-fund activities with high material inputs.
• The CWP is designed to operate at scale — where possible, to build up to and maintain participation levels of a target of 1 000 participants per site.
• Each CWP site is managed by an Implementing Agent and Local Implementing Agent, which is appointed to develop the site and to provide financial, logistics and project management, while building local implementing capacity. Lead Agents oversee the Implementing Agents.
• The CWP empowers communities to identify and undertake the work in accordance with their needs.
• Payment of wages is usually through cashless systems – by direct deposit into participants’ individual bank accounts